(Ivanhoe Newswire) - Heart disease is the leading cause of death within America, and is referred to as the silent killer. New research might help put a stop to the insidious disease, thanks to a study done at the University of Edinburgh's Centre for Cardiovascular Science in Scotland.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can then track the cells moving through the body. Tiny magnetic particles may help doctors track cells in the body to better determine if treatments work. Researchers showed that injecting immune cells containing magnetic particles into the bloodstream was safe and did not interfere with cell function.
Jennifer Richards, M.D., lead author and vascular surgeon at the University of Edinburgh's Centre for Cardiovascular Science in Scotland, was quoted as saying, "This could change how we assess new treatments affecting inflammation and the outcome of a heart attack or heart failure."
With stem cell therapy, doctors can adapt blood cells to fight disease. But when developing these therapies, it's hard to tell exactly where cells go and how many go where they are supposed to. Safely tracking them would help scientists better understand how new therapies combat heart disease.
Other tracing methods expose patients to excess radiation or only allow cells to be tracked for a few hours. But MRI scans use no radiation, and cells containing the particles can be monitored for at least a week.
Using test tubes, Richards' team first determined that magnetically labeled blood cells move and thrive like normal ones. Then, they did four small-scale tests in humans:
Six people were successfully given three thigh muscle injections of unlabeled cells, magnetically labeled cells, and an injection of just the magnetic material. The labeled cells were traceable up to seven days later. Two people were given six increasingly larger doses of magnetically labeled blood cells through a vein, and they had no negative effects.12 people got intravenous injections of the labeled blood cells – six getting a high dose and six a low dose – which were traceable by MRI a week later.
To test how well the cells travel to inflammation sites, one person was injected with the labeled blood cells, which were successfully followed by an MRI as the cells moved to an inflamed area of skin on the thigh. "This demonstrates that this method may be useful to facilitate the development of cell-based therapies in the future," Dr. Jennifer Richards explained.
More human tests are needed before researchers can regularly use magnetically labeled cells, Richards concluded.
SOURCE: The American Heart Association journal, July 2012.